This list includes species of waterbirds, diurnal raptors, and gallinaceous birds that occur (or formerly occurred) in the Sierra (as defined in this report) as breeding species, or that occur as wintering or transient species with an abundance classification greater than "very rare." Waterbirds that occur regularly only at certain large lakes (e.g., Lake Tahoe) are not included.
Common Loon (Gavia immer) -- rare transient and non-breeding summer resident.
Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) -- rare transient, mostly in fall..
American White Pelican (Pelicanus erythrorhynchos) -- rare transient, mostly in spring.
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodius) -- uncommon year-round non-breeding visitor.
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) -- rare migrant, mostly in spring.
Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) -- rare resident (has bred).
Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) -- rare transient and winter resident.
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) -- uncommon summer resident, rare winter resident; breeds.
Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) -- rare transient, mostly in spring.
Ring-necked Duck (Athya collaris) -- formerly rare winter resident.
Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) -- formerly uncommon breeding summer resident; current status uncertain.
Barrow’s Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) -- formerly rare breeding summer resident; extirpated.
Hooded Merganser (Mergus cucullatus) -- formerly rare winter resident.
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) -- rare year-round resident; breeds.
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) -- fairly common summer resident breeding only at low elevations.
California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) -- formerly rare breeding resident in southern Sierra; extirpated.
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) -- rare transient and summer resident; breeds.
Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) -- locally uncommon winter resident; rare summer resident and possible breeder.
Northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) -- rare non-breeding summer visitor and uncommon transient, mostly in fall.
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus) -- rare summer and winter resident and breeder; uncommon fall transient
Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperi) -- rare summer and winter resident and breeder; uncommon fall transient.
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) -- rare year-round resident and breeder.
Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) -- rare year-round resident and breeder.
Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) -- fairly common year-round resident and breeder.
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) -- uncommon year-round resident and breeder.
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) -- uncommon year-round resident and breeder.
Merlin (Falco columbarius) -- rare transient and winter resident.
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) -- rare year-round resident and breeder.
Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) -- uncommon non-breeding summer visitor.
Chuckar (Alectoris chukar) -- introduced; uncommon permanent resident and breeder on east slope.
Blue Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus) -- uncommon permanent resident and breeder
White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus) -- introduced; uncommon permanent resident and breeder.
Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) -- rare summer visitor on east slope; non-breeder.
California Quail (Callipepla californica) -- fairly common permanent resident and breeder.
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus) -- fairly common year-round resident and breeder.
Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) -- rare summer resident and breeder.
American Coot (Fulica americana) -- rare transient and winter resident.
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) -- rare year-round resident and breeder.
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia) -- uncommon summer resident and breeder.
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) -- rare summer resident and breeder.
California Gull (Larus californicus) -- fairly common non-breeding summer visitor.
Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia) -- rare non-breeding summer visitor.